PPA 301: Principles of Public Administration

PPA 301: Principles of Public Administration
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PPA 301 Principles of Public Administration

  1. Public administration cannot exist outside of its political context. Discuss how politics affects the policymaking process and the delivery of governmental services

 

 

 

  1. John Adams wrote in 1814 that, “democracy never lasts long. It soon wastes, exhausts and murders itself. There never was a democracy yet that did not commit suicide.” Discuss how this viewpoint influenced the design of the U.S. federal, state and local government.

 

 

 

  1. The United States was created as a complex Federal system of government requiring day-to-day interactions between federal, state and city governments. Explain why a Unitary type of government would not be more advantageous to the United States in today’s globally competitive environment.

 

 

 

  1. Honor, ethics and accountability are important principles for those working in government. However, those in the profession are required, at times, to be dishonest and unethical (as Queen Elizabeth I once stated, an ambassador is an honest man sent to lie abroad for his commonwealth.”) Explore when it would be honorable and ethical to tell a lie for the sake of your country, and when it would be dishonorable and unethical to tell the truth.

 

 

 

  1. The bureaucratic form of government – so prevalent in public agencies – tends to result in a slower-paced, less customer-oriented organization (e.g., the Social Security Administration or the Post Office). Explain how the bureaucratic organizational structure affects the motivation of its employees and how the study of organizational behavior can address some of these affects.

 

 

 

  1. An important concept in management is best practices or benchmarking, where an organization systematically compares work processes with those of its competitors or others in an industry. Select one best practice from an organization or industry that you are familiar with, and then whether that best practice can be implemented into the culture of a governmental entity and how it can improve service delivery to its citizens.

 

 

 

  1. Read the article, “Jobs With Justice: New Campaigns Take Aim At Low Wages, Working Poor, Falling Middle Class” Based on the content of this article and your personal experiences, what do you believe are the major challenges facing Jobs with Justice in promoting their mission? Given the current economic and political environments, what do you believe are the major barriers facing public and private enterprises to manifest this mission? http://www.forbes.com/fdc/welcome_mjx.shtml

 

 

 

  1. The United States was founded on ideals of justice and equality. The Declaration of Independence proclaimed that “all men are created equal,” yet individuals such as African Americans and women were not afforded this equality. Examine whether justice and equality exist in the United States and, if not, in what areas there should be greater justice and equality.

 

 

 

  1. There are three basic elements to public financial management: taxing, spending and saving. Assess whether it would be more advantageous for the federal government to pursue a direct tax or an indirect tax to finance future expenditures, as well as the impact of each option.

 

 

 

  1. A program evaluation is the systematic examination of any activity undertaken by government to make a determination about their effects, both short and long term. Programs are typically evaluated based on their compliance, efficiency and effectiveness/relevance. Some have stated these three evaluation criteria do not adequately evaluate the success of a government program. Therefore, in addition to the three evaluation criteria stated above, propose and discuss a fourth criterion that should be included in a program evaluation to better assess the merits of a government program.

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