HY 1120 – Unit IV Assessment

HY 1120 – Unit IV Assessment
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HY 1120 American Hist II

Q1. Match the identified figure, term, or economic program to the most accurate description.

Southern Tenant Farmers Union , First New Deal, Committee for Employment , Black Tuesday, Emergency Relief and Construction Act, Hoovervilles, Brains Trust , Zora Neale Hurston, John Steinbeck, The Dust Bowl, Bonus Expeditionary Force, John Steinbeck, President’s Emergency, The interregnum, Reconstruction Finance Corporation, Agricultural Adjustment Act, Civilian Conservation Corps,

MatchCorrect Answer
Author who focused his bestseller The Grapes of Wrath on the plight of the Okies during the Dust Bowl 
Nickname given to shantytowns that would emerge on the fringes of most major cities in the immediate result of the Stock Market Crash of 1929 
Term designated to represent October 29, 1929, the day when the New York Stock Market plummeted, beginning the worldwide Great Depression 
Approximately 15,000 World War I veterans marched in Washington to demand early payment of their veteran benefits, which were not due to be paid until 1945 
The product of overproduction and massive drought; this period was characterized by horrible storms and livestock deaths throughout the Midwest 
Series of federal programs introduced by President Roosevelt with the goals of bank reform, job creation, economic regulation, and regional planning 
The period between the 1932 election and Roosevelt’s inauguration where no significant legislation was passed 
Term referring to a group of Roosevelt’s advisers who famously crafted a national tax policy intended to raise America out of the Great Depression 
Later renamed the President’s Organization of Unemployment Relief (POUR); this program assisted state and private relief agencies, such as the Red Cross, Salvation Army, and YMCA 
Set aside $2 billion in taxpayer money to rescue banks, credit unions, and insurance companies 
Act that authorized the allotment of $1.5 billion to states to fund local public works projects. 
1930 law that raised taxes on imported goods, intending to increase sales of American-made goods but, instead, closed international markets and American manufacturers 
Officially took the country off the gold standard, which severely limited the circulation of paper money 
 

Insured personal bank deposits up to $2,500

 
$500 million in direct grants that went directly to states to infuse relief agencies to help the unemployed 
Provided government jobs for young men aged 14 to 24 who came from relief families to work on federal property and infrastructure projects 
Designed to boost prices to a level that would alleviate rural poverty and restore profitability to American agriculture 
An interracial organization that sought to gain government relief for the most disenfranchised of farmers 
First New Deal program that set aside $3.3 billion to build public projects such as highways, federal buildings, and military bases 
Noted figure of the Harlem Renaissance famous for his/her posthumously published novel Their Eyes Were Watching God 

 

Q2. Discuss the changing economic landscape of the United States between the world wars. In your response, trace the highs and lows from the fallout of World War I, the onset of the Great Depression, and the impact of the New Deal. How did these trends have an impact on marginalized communities?

Your response should be a minimum of 300 words

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