HY 1120 – Unit I Assessment

HY 1120 – Unit I Assessment
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HY 1120 American Hist II

Q1. Match the post-Civil War figures to what they are most known for.

Question Match
Andrew JohnsonAccused of being too sympathetic to the South following the war; he would be the first impeached American President
John D. RockefellerAmerican oil tycoon who was famous for efforts to monopolize the refining industry using railroads
Cornelius VanderbiltCreated the New York Central Railroad Company by consolidating several small lines
Hiram RevelsElected by the Mississippi state legislature in 1870 and became the country’s first African American U.S. Senator
J. Pierpont MorganInvestment banker who created U.S. Steel Corporation, which became America’s first billion-dollar firm
Susan B. AnthonyNotable social justice advocate who was famous for forming several associations geared at promoting equal rights for women
Eugene V. DebsPresident of the American Railway Union who led the Pullman strike
Andrew Carnegie Scottish steel magnate and author of The Gospel of Wealth
Virginia MinorTried to register to vote in 1872 where, upon being turned away, would take the case to the Supreme Court
Rutherford B. HayesUnlikely replacement of Ulysses S. Grant as Republican candidate and beneficiary of office after the Compromise of 1877


Q3. Match the late 19th-century term with the appropriate descriptor.

QuestionCorrect Match
Wounded KneeLocation of 1890 battle in South Dakota where the massacre of 150 to 300 Native Americans ended the Indian Wars
Homestead ActAllowed any head of household or individual over the age of 21 to receive a parcel of 160 acres for only a nominal filing fee
Social DarwinismA theory devised by Herbert Spencer, which argued that the most fit and capable enjoyed the greatest success
Dawes ActPermitted the federal government to divide the lands of any tribe and grant grazing land
Jim CrowSegregation policies that impoverished generations of African Americans
Whiskey RingIncluding figures like Orville Babcock, a reference to those in the Grant Administration involved in taking money from bribed goods
Crop-lien systemThe agreement of extending credit to farmers under the agreement that the debtors would pay with a portion of their future harvest
Freedmen’s BureauCreated to ease the transition of African Americans from slavery to freedom; directed that leases and titles to lands in the South be made available to former slaves
Enforcement ActsOutlawed intimidation at the polls and gave the federal government the power to prosecute crimes against freed people in federal courts
Manifest DestinyTerm coined by magazine editor John O’Sullivan in 1845; implies divine encouragement and right for territorial expansion


Q3. Discuss the explosive economic, territorial, and scientific growth and reform that occurred in post-Civil War America. How did the growth contribute to the development of the United States as the leading industrial economy in the world by 1890?

Your response must be at least 200 words in length



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