Researching Depression



What is depression, and how is it related to sadness?

Depression is connoted as a serious and common medical disease that negatively impacts the way one feels, acts, as well as thinks. It is observed that depression has a significant association with sadness due to the actuality that depression causes one to feel sad as well as interest as pertains to the activities initially enjoyed (Abraham & Kneisl, 2016). The actuality that depression engenders physical and emotional problems also considerably contributes to sadness and reduces the potentiality regarding an individual to operate effectively.    

What are the causes of depression?

Despite the actuality that the exact cause regarding depression is not known, it is observed that there are various factors that are associated with its development (Abraham & Kneisl, 2016). Ideally, depression arises due to the combination of current events as well as personal factors. In regards to the personal facets, it is observed that family history has a significant impact on the development concerning depression. Abraham and Kneisl (2016) assert that depression has the potentiality of running within families and as such as some individuals are have a more genetic risk. Personality is another aspect of the personal factors which has an impact on the development concerning depression. In relation to this, it is evident that some individuals are vulnerable to depression due to their personality more especially if they exhibit low-self esteem and are self-critical. Critical medical conditions are associated with considerable worry and stress which can in turn influence depression more especially while managing chronic pain.
What are the common symptoms of depression?

Depression is associated with various symptoms which exhibit variations based on the degree of severity. One of the symptoms that characterize depression encompasses the lack of pleasure and interest in activities which one initially enjoyed (Duggal, 2016). The manifestation concerning a depressed mood is another symptom that a person with depression is likely to demonstrate. Thoughts regarding death and difficulty in concentration as well as decision-making are other symptoms that are associated with depression. At the same time, people that have depression are likely to exhibit symptoms such as, feeling worthless and having sleeping problems (Duggal, 2016). Variations in appetite and the loss regarding energy are other signs and symptoms observed in individuals that have depression.
What therapies exist to treat depression?
Depression is a mental disorder that can be treated. Ideally, there are three main facets associated with the management concerning depression which encompasses drug treatment, psychotherapy, and support (Duggal, 2016). In relation to drug treatment, it is observed that there are various medications that can be utilized in treating depression which encompasses tricyclic antidepressants, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), and selective serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SSNRIs) (Duggal, 2016). Psychotherapies are also regarded as the first-line treatment option for mild scenarios regarding depression. However, in severe and moderate cases, it is observed that they can be employed alongside other treatments.

What are the most constructive and destructive ways of communicating with a depressed person?

One constructive approach of communicating with a depressed individual is to assess them to determine what would be influencing their depression (Duggal, 2016). As well, it is important to make them comprehend that a psychotherapist is there to aid them in solving their needs.  Nonetheless, compelling an individual to talk regarding their concerns is regarded as a destructive approach to communication.


Abraham, I., & Kneisl, C. (2016). Depression (3rd ed.). Philadelphia, PA: W.B. Saunders.

Duggal, H. (2016). The complete guide to self-management of depression (3rd ed.). Cengage: New York.

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